The effects osmosis has on a cell are either that it becomes turgid and hard as water enters the cell or it becomes dehydrated (this is called plasmolysing in plant. The definition of osmosis is the movement of water molecules from a dilute solution (with a high proportion of The effect of osmosis on cells. If a cell has a more. Hypertonic solution on plant cell• Water diffuses out of the large central vacuole by osmosis. Water lose from both vacuole and cytoplasm cause. Lysosomes may deteriorate as they age, releasing enzymes that can harm the cell. The part of information is from the book "Memmler's The Human Body In Health And Disease" by Barbara Janson Cohen and Jason J. The process of regulating the concentration of water and mineral salts in the blood is called osmoregulation Animals which live on dry land must conserve water and so must animals which live in the salty sea water, but animals which live in freshwater have the opposite problem; they must get rid of excess water as fast as it gets into their bodies by osmosis. Essentially, this means that if a cell is put in a solution which has a solute concentration higher than its own, it will shrivel, and if it is put in a solution with a lower solute concentration than its own, the cell will swell and may even burst. Fluid balance is an important facet of homeostasis and must be properly regulated for health. Although the cell is not plasmolsysed, it is not turgid. In hypotonic solutions, animal cells swell up and explode as they cannot become turgid because there is no cell wall to prevent the cell from bursting. This makes the cells appear wrinkled when viewed through a microscope. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled. When a cell containing a weak solution is next to a cell containing a stronger solution the water in the weaker solution moves towards the stronger solution.